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In camp on White Bear Island; conflict with Indians; singular adventures of the Captains Lewis and Clarke and command of the U.S. soldiers in the vast unexplored West


THE History of the Expedition of Captains Lewis and Clarke, during the years 1804, 1805, and 1806, by order of the Government of the United States, is the first narrative which diffused widely at that time a knowledge of the so-called Oregon Territory, and the intermediate country from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains. It presents a description of a new and magnificent region, unvisited before by white men, with its barbarous tribes, their character and habits, and abounding in herds of buffalo, deer, and antelope, outnumbering the human tenants of the land. The Exposition held at Portland, Oregon, during the year of 1905, in commemoration of the great achievements attained by the Lewis and Clarke Expedition did surely lend a renewed interest to their Journal. The work being now nearly out of print, it seemed to the publishers a suitable time to put forth a new edition of the Journal of Lewis and Clarke, pruned of unimpor tant details, with a sketch of the progress of maritime discovery en the Pacific coast, and a summary account of earlier attempts to penetrate this vast western wilderness.

This Journal must ever retain a high degree of interest, as the account of the first voyage made by Indian or white man, in boats or canoes, stemming the current and rapids of the Missouri by the aid of sails, oars, pole and towline, from the point where its

waters discharge themselves into the Mississippi t<? its sources in the Rocky Mountains. They and their party were also the first white men who, after crossing the mountains, discovered the head-waters of the Columbia River, and where borne by its rapid current to the bay where its tumultuous waters meet the stormy tides of the Pacific.



Description of Wappatoo Island, and of the Mode in which the Natives gather the Wappatoo Root—Character of the Soil and its Productions —Numerous Tribes residing in its Vicinity—Probability that they were all of the Multnomah Tribe originally, inferred from Similarity of Dress, Manners, Language, etc.—Description of their Dress, Weapons of War, and Mode of Burying the Dead—Description of another Village, called the Wahclellah Village—Their Mode of Architecture—Extraordinary Height of Beacon Rock—Unfriendly Character of the Indians at that Place—The Party, alarmed for their Safety, resolve to inflict summary Vengeance, in case the Wahclellah Tribe persist in their Outrages and Insults—'Interview with the Chief of that Tribe —and Confidence restored—Difficulty of drawing the Canoes over the Rapid's—Visited by a Party of the Yehugh Tribe—Brief Notice of the Weocksockwillackum Tribe—Curious Phenomenon observed in the Columbia, from the Rapids to the Chilluckittequaws 1


Captain Clarke procures four Horses for the Transportation of the Baggage —Some further Account of the Skilloot Tribe—Their Joy at the first Appearance of Salmon in the Columbia—Their Thievish Propensities— The Party arrive at the Village of the Eneeshurs, where the Natives are found alike unfriendly—The Party now provided with Horses.— Prevented from the Exercise of Hostility against this Nation by a friendly Adjustment—The Scarcity of Timber so great that they are compelled to buy Wood to cook their Provision's—Arrive at the Wah-howpum Village—Dance of the Natives—Having obtained their Complement of Horses, the Party proceed by Land-—Arrive at the Pish-quitpah Village, and some Account of that People—Frank and Hospitable Conduct of the Wollawollahs—Their Mode of Dancing described—Their Mode of making Fish-wares—Their Amiable Character 21


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